Lahore a Historical perspective:
Some places carry the essence of human origin and the geniuses of human growth. Such places become significant for those who like to enjoy the nostalgia of old thoughts. The city of Lahore can truly be regarded as such a place. Having seen so many ups and downs of history and cultures, Lahore in itself is now a whole world carrying a multitude of the past and the willingness to excel in the future. From Rudyard Kipling to Abu-Rehan Al Bairooni, from Victorian era to Mughal era, from buildings and gardens to forts, the diversity of Lahore is some times unbearable, yet the bliss is eternal.
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. It is often called the Garden of Mughals because of its rich Mughal heritage. Lahore also is often called the cultural heart of Pakistan, as it is the center of Pakistani arts, films and intelligentsia. It is located near the Ravi River, close to the Pakistan-India border. Mughal structures such as the Badshahi Mosque, the Lahore Fort, Shalimar Gardens, and the mausolea of Jehangir and Nur Jehan are popular tourist spots in the city. Lahore is also home to many British colonial structures built in the Indo-Gothic style, such as the Lahore High Court, the General Post Office (GPO), and many older universities.
Punjabi is the native language of the province and is the most widely-spoken language in Lahore. Since Pakistani independence, however, Urdu has become more prominent and is now a primary means of communication in both the city and adjoining rural areas. Urdu and English have become more popular with educated and younger people due to their official status, which Punjabi has not been accorded. Many Punjabi speakers in Lahore are known as Lahori Punjabi due to their use of a mixture of Punjabi and colloquial Urdu. According to the 1998 census, Lahore's population was nearly 7 million. Mid-2006 government estimates now put the population at approximately 10 million. This makes Lahore the second largest city in Pakistan, fifth largest city in South Asia and the 26th largest city in the world.
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